How to Lay Concrete Pavers

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Most landscaping projects’ success relies on the quality of the building materials. When you’re learning on how to lay concrete pavers, you have to know more than just the process. Concrete pavers can be used for a patio or walkway. They create a decorative and functional feature in any outdoor space. With the right design, it can increase the aesthetic value of the space and with the right material; you can expect it to last for years to come.

How to lay concrete pavers: options for design

Before understanding the process on how to lay concrete pavers, know the different types of pavers available to find out the variety of colors, shapes, and sizes you can opt for. Pavers come in different textures as well which can offer numerous unique designs. Here are some of the most common pavers you can easily find:

Steps to Lay Concrete Pavers

Tumbled pavers have rough edges. It can easily be identified due to its similar appearance to slate or stone. Bush hammered or shot-blasted pavers on the other hand, have a stone-like finish. Ground pavers have a smooth appearance and are made to look like marble, terrazzo, or granite. When installing concrete pavers, the bulk of the work is spent into preparing the subsurface. For all concrete paver installations, laying the pavers only take up 10 percent of the total work.

Step by step on how to lay concrete pavers

Planning is essential when learning how to lay concrete pavers. Plan out the design you want and make sure it fits in the project area. Get a graph paper or any type of paper you can use to create a rough draft or a sketch of the design you want. You can sketch a mosaic pattern, add a border to the project, or customize a design to match your needs. When making an irregular shaped design, you can estimate the needed pavers by estimating the square footage and simply adding 5 percent. Increase this percentage if you have a curvier design.

Second step is to excavate. For this step, the slope is important. Using a level to make sure you create a design that doesn’t pool water in the middle is crucial. Measure your pavers to find out how deep you should be excavating. When calculating the depth of the excavation, take into consideration the thickness of the pavers, base, and the sand. After the excavation, compact the soil to prepare the surface for the base. Remove any protrusions or water because any bump or depression will eventually be visible in the finished project. If your soil is clay, use a geotextile layer to create additional stability to the base.

Lay the base. Typically, you will need at least 4 inches in this area depending on the climate and type of soil. Cold regions may require thicker bases especially when the ground is clay. Compact the base using a plate compactor, followed by adding the edge restraints. This will keep the base in place and makes the pavers more secure. It also helps in keeping the base from eroding. Set the sand next before laying any piece of the concrete pavers.

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Steps to Lay Concrete PaversLaying Concrete Pavers Over DirtLaying Concrete Pavers in Sandhow to lay concrete paversConcrete Pavers How to Install

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